Automation Technologies for Smart Cities

Posted by: Dr. C. Ganesh Babu

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Automation is an important rising subject for small and medium businesses. Today, we are witnessing a storm of digital change engulfing industries like manufacturing, transportation, energy, and others. Artificial intelligence, cognitive processing, and machine-to-machine interfaces are among the advanced technologies that have the potential to alter the industrialized surroundings. Cities are similar to industrial environments in certain aspects and confront the same kind of constraints. As a result, they must be able to anticipate mechanical issues in various types of municipal infrastructure, including waste-water treatment facilities, traffic control systems, and public utilities. They must also be able to provide a wide spectrum of public amenities to both inhabitants and tourists, especially when their societies and spatial footprints grow fast.

The following are a few examples of automated systems that are vital for adequate operation.

Internet of Things

The Internet of Things (IoT) is a network of corporeal substances ‘things’ integrated with detectors, platform, as well as other developments with the purpose of communicating and sharing information between devices and processes over the deep web. The confluence of many technologies, including machine learning, concurrent analytics, embedded systems, and commodity sensors, has resulted in changes.

The Internet of Things is enabled by traditional domains like as wireless sensor networks, embedded systems, automation, control systems, and others. In the domestic market, Internet of Things technology has been most closely associated with products that support the concept of the smart home, like luminaires, remote controls, surveillance systems and recording devices, and other small appliances that could be operated via personal computers and mobile devices, such as tablets and smartphones. The Internet of Things may also be employed in healthcare delivery systems. When used in this way, home automation system may give people greater flexibility and a better lifestyle.


The majority of sustainable building sensors can both collect user information and automate processes. The motion detector may trigger the illumination and reflect on how quite often they are engaged. If the humidity content exceeds a specific level, the moisture sensor can offer real-time measurements and trigger a dehumidifier. Monitoring systems improve our ability to monitor and communicate on our surroundings. They work in practically every industry that makes living easier for individuals. Tuning lighting to match feelings, switching on equipment such as heating systems, maintaining protection, and analyzing gadgets are perhaps a few examples.

Sensors on a larger scale provide for better insight into corporate methodologies, as well as the identification of workers work tendencies and the determination of facility ambient aspects. As a result, management of the company may use sensors to measure, regulate, and enhance operational effectiveness.

In action: Automation

Digital automation techniques are already being used by industry participants in a range of industries to simplify operations and enhance crucial procedures. Shipping industries, for example, are already boosting their use out of detectors and monitoring devices to efficient tracking of cargoes, machinery, and automobiles. Technicians may now undertake preventative maintenance on vehicles via online vehicle inspections, reducing operational disruption. Traffic congestion may be forecasted and reported using informatics, and delivery times can be anticipated.

Technological innovations like 5G, which will be integrated in the next few years, and more sophisticated artificial intelligence technology will provide more characteristics that will improve how products are provided in cities in the future throughout the period. Blockchain innovation is a framework that maintains public reports, popularly known as blocks, in numerous databases, referred to as the “chain,” in such a system that is connected by peer-to-peer machines. A digital ledger, as the name implies, is a type of storage. Every entry in this database is authenticated and protected against tampering by the owner’s electronic signatures. As a result, the data contained in the digital ledger is extremely safe.

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