Migrating to Big Data World

Posted by: Dr. R. Suguna

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Big Data World

The world is running behind Big Data. The technological advancement of the 21st century migrates the entire world into Big Data. Data analysts mine the big data to get useful insights from them. On the other hand, establishing data centres to manage the volume of data is a big challenge of the modern technological world. So, the demand for data centres is tremendously increasing to accommodate the massive generation of data stores. https://www.ibm.com/analytics/big-data-analytics

Impact of Big Data in the Business Sector

Sarah Adams, Financial Services Sector Manager at Ordnance Survey, London insisted that information and data are the more becomes more powerful weapons to mine the hidden patterns when it is combined with big data. Big data helps business experts to get useful insights from unseen data. It also helps to make better business decisions, future predictions, and risk analysis. The impact of big data in insurance sectors plays a vital role in assessing the risks. Big data turns into Golden Data when human expertise, intelligence, and creativity are added to it. https://www.techtarget.com/searchdatamanagement/definition/big-data


Sources of data generators

The following are the main sources of data generators but not limited to

● Digital transactions include electronic payments via mobile and web applications
● Data generated from sensors includes the Internet of Things (IoT), Real-time applications
● Social media and related communications (Facebook, WhatsApp, Instagram, Twitter, etc.)
● Electronic Data Interchange (Emails, Business Data Interchange)

Source:  https://www.migrationdataportal.org/themes/big-data-migration-and-human-mobility

Data Centre Technologies

The establishment of a data centres is a tedious task that requires a huge infrastructure including servers, storage, network components such as switches and routers, systems, and application software. Uninterrupted power supply and robust cooling systems are a must for data centres. Data centres can be established in various ways based on the need of an organization like On-premises data centres, Cloud data centres, and Managed service data centres. Few data centres are established with collaborations; the CEO of AdaniConneX announced that a joint venture between Adani Group and EdgeConneX is done to establish reliable, automated, and sustainable digital infrastructure to store big data. On-premises data centres are established within an organization and managed by the organization themselves. The cloud data centres use internet technology to offer storage areas to organizations in pay-and-use services. Finally, the managed data centers are established for the organization and managed by a third party.


Masters of Data Centres

Companies like Google, Amazon, Microsoft, DuPont Fabros, etc. are already establishing huge cloud servers to cater to the need for data generators. Now, India enters into the list. Nasscom released the report that, by 2025, India will reach the investment cost of $6-$8 billion to establish data centres worldwide.
The advancement of Artificial Intelligence (AI) technology spread over the world and generates massive data every second. Recently Google has opened AI research labs in Toronto, Montreal, Paris, London, and Beijing to manage the massive data.  https://www.ibm.com/topics/data-centers


Google and Amazon Web Services joined hands with Microsoft to newly establish data centres in and around the metro areas Montreal tech scene, North America. The main objective of establishing the data centres in the said location is to minimize the electricity consumption of the data centers. The chosen location provides a rich amount of hydropower which caters to the needs of the data centre maintenance. The Vice Vice President of the Worldwide Public Sector, Amazon Web Services said “We picked the area that we did because of the hydropower.”

Source:  https://www.unglobalpulse.org/2014/06/big-data-and-international-migration/

Unleashing Data Potential: The Landscape of Big Data in India

India’s IT and technology sector has been actively engaging with big data technologies to drive business insights, innovation, and societal progress. Indians take the lead in technology usage. Surveys revealed that Indians use mobile phones twice as much as that of the United States. Indians are the leading ones who generate big data. But the data is stored in Data Centres which are located outside the country.


So, the organizations come forward to establish the data centers in Indian geographical locations in order to avoid data manipulations.

Key focus to establishing the data centers

According to the report of the Energy Department of the United States, data centres require highly energy-intensive buildings. The report also stated that the largest data centers with tens of thousands of devices require over 100MW of power, which is enough to power approximately 80,000 households. According to the International Energy Agency (IEA), data centers account for 1–1.5% of global electricity use.


Data centers are essential for storing, processing, and transmitting vast amounts of digital information, but they also consume a significant amount of energy and contribute to carbon emissions. To address these environmental concerns, the data center industry is adopting various strategies to make their operations more sustainable. The following are the major factors to be considered while establishing the data centres:

1. As for environmental concerns, data centers need to adopt greening strategies to minimize global warming and its related impact.
2. Advanced software and hardware techniques can be used to minimize and optimize energy consumption.
3. Renewable Energy sources such as solar, wind, and hydropower can be used to reduce carbon emissions and long-term cost savings.


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