Power: Fuelling the future

Posted by: Dr. J. Senthil Kumar

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Power: Fuelling the future

Population expansion, industrialization, and the spread of digital technology are driving up the world’s energy demand. Meanwhile, the move to more sustainable energy sources is being driven by the need to mitigate climate change and cut carbon emissions. Finding a balance between supplying these needs and protecting the environment is key to the energy of the future.

The search for dependable, efficient, and sustainable energy sources is more important than ever as we look to the future. The decisions we make now regarding the production, storage, and use of energy will influence the global environment for future generations. This blog examines the primary power sources that will rule the future, emphasizing the developments and inventions that have the potential to completely change our energy systems.


Focus on Power Project all over the world

When it comes to adding capacity for renewable energy, the Asia-Pacific area is taking over the world. Leading the way are China and India, who have made significant investments in wind and solar power projects. To lessen their reliance on fossil fuels, Southeast Asian nations are also increasing the amount of renewable energy they use. With large investments in offshore wind, solar, and bioenergy projects, Europe is still at the forefront of the global shift to renewable energy sources. By 2050, the European Green Deal seeks to achieve climate neutrality across the continent, spurring additional expansion in renewable energy.


Renewable energy initiatives, especially in the wind and solar energy sectors, are expanding significantly throughout the United States and Canada. The main forces behind this increase are business commitments to sustainability, policy support, and technical advancements. With significant investments being made in wind, solar, and hydroelectric projects, countries such as Brazil, Mexico, and Chile are becoming into renewable energy powerhouses in Latin America. The area is perfect for the development of renewable energy due to its abundance of natural resources.


Africa offers enormous potential for renewable energy, especially wind and solar power. In order to increase energy access and lessen dependency on fossil fuels, a number of nations are investing in sizable renewable projects and off-grid options.


The Middle East, which has historically relied on gas and oil, is spending more money on renewable energy initiatives. As part of their efforts to diversify their economies and achieve sustainability, nations like Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates are pursuing large-scale solar and wind projects.


Future Perspective in Power Generation

It is anticipated that the number of renewable energy projects will keep growing due to a combination of dropping costs, strong regulatory support, and technology breakthroughs. Worldwide, new capacity additions are expected to be dominated by solar and wind. Produced using renewable energy, green hydrogen is becoming more and more popular as a flexible energy source that may help decarbonize industries including transportation and heavy industry. Green hydrogen project investments are anticipated to increase. The energy landscape of the future will be greatly influenced by energy storage technology. Grid stability and renewable energy integration will be improved by innovative storage technologies and ongoing advancements in battery technology.


Power Project for Future India:

  1. A 200 MW firm and dispatchable renewable energy (FDRE) project that integrates solar, wind, and battery storage has been awarded to Tata Power. An annual carbon offset of 900,000 tonnes is anticipated from this project, which will also give distribution firms (DISCOMS) a reliable, continuous power supply.
  2. India is expected to invest $16.5 billion (an 83% increase) in renewable energy by 2024. It is anticipated that by 2030, India’s installed capacity of nonfossil energy will rise from 43.7% to 61%-65% and 85%-90% by 2047. In the Net Zero scenario, renewable energy (RE) capacity is predicted to increase from 177 GW in 2023 to 512 GW by 2030 and 1819 GW in 2047.
  3. Coal India subsidiaries have received approval from the Indian government to invest $674 million towards the construction of two new coal-fired power stations with a combined capacity of 2.26 GW. By utilizing nearby coal resources, these plants should be able to supply electricity at a lower cost. In particular, Mahanadi Coalfields will construct two 800-MW plants, and South Eastern Coalfields will establish a 660 MW facility in Madhya Pradesh.
  4. India is expected to significantly increase its nuclear power capacity with a number of new projects scheduled for completion by 2024 and beyond. Ten new nuclear reactors will be built in five states: Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana, and Karnataka. This approval has been granted by the government. It is anticipated that these reactors, each with a 700 MW capacity, will be gradually finished by 2031. These projects are expected to cost a total of ₹1,05,000 crore ($13 billion). Few of the projects among them are two reactors each at the nuclear power facilities in Kaiga, Karnataka; Chutka, Madhya Pradesh; and Gorakhpur, Haryana. In addition, four reactors will be built at the Rajasthani Mahi Banswara project. By 2031, these projects hope to raise India’s installed nuclear power capacity from 6,780 MW to 22,480 MW, greatly increasing the nation’s energy supplies.


The need to tackle climate change, industrialization, and population increase are causing a rapid transformation in the global energy landscape. Globally, nations are making significant investments in renewable energy, with Asia-Pacific countries like China and India in the forefront of wind and solar power. By expanding its use of renewable energy, Europe hopes to become carbon neutral by 2050. Investments in renewable energy are also rising in the Americas and Africa. The industry will keep expanding due to technological advancements and cost savings. It will be mostly solar, wind, and green hydrogen, with energy storage being essential to system stability. India is demonstrating its transition to a sustainable energy mix by increasing its nuclear capacity and making large investments in renewable energy.



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  1. https://feniceenergy.com/wp-content/uploads/2023/10/Powering-the-Future-Indian-Power-Sector.webp



  1. https://egov.eletsonline.com/2024/02/future-roadmap-of-indias-energy-sector/#:~:text=Increase%20in%20Non%2DFossil%20Capacity,in%20the%20Net%20Zero%20scenario.
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