Industry 4.0 in Construction

Posted by: Dr. N. Karthiga Shenbagam

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Industry 4.0 in Construction

In recent decades, all construction activities have been done using the digital transformation techniques known as the Fourth Industrial Revolution. The involved new techniques should not only satisfy the client’s demand but also provide a better environment. The recent advancements have improved the productivity, skill enhancement of the workers, sustainable construction, etc., even in the present situation the construction mainly depends on manual labor, mechanical technology operating technology, and productivity.


Essential features of Industry 4.0

  1. Interoperability
  2. Virtualization
  3. Decentralization
  4. Real-time capability
  5. Modularity
  6. Service – orientation

Benefits of Industry 4.0

  1. Enhanced productivity
  2. Increased efficiency
  3. Overstated profit margins
  4. Reduction in rework and errors
  5. Decrease in risk occurrence
  6. Better communication and reporting
  7. Provides a healthier environment

Major Technologies Emerging from Industry 4.0

  1. BIM (Building Information Modelling)

It is used as a virtual model of a structure before construction. It insights into the efficiency, planning, designing, construction, and management aspects of buildings. Usage of BIM has seen a rapid increase in the accuracy of effective material utilization, cost estimation, delivery, maintenance, repair, demolition, and material re-usage.


  1. Drone Technology

Drones are the most revolutionary trends in the construction sector that help in data collection, contour preparation, and map making. These instruments are fitted with cameras, GPS units, and thermal and infrared sensors for easy making and construction activity purposes such as highway, and railway layouts. This technology has marked an important place in the construction industry and is bound to gain more interest due to its effectiveness and easy handling techniques.


  1. Cyber-Physical Systems

This is defined as a system with computer-based algorithms for controlling and monitoring the buildings. This can be used effectively with the help of BIM technology. These systems provide bi-directional data with which the asset details in real-time as well as the stored data can be verified accurately.


  1. Prefabrication

This is also a modern technique in which the structural components are cast beforehand in the manufacturing unit transported to the construction site and assembled together with suitable connections. A prefabricated house can be constructed in a shorter time when compared to the normal method of construction.


  1. Green Construction

It mainly focuses on reducing the emission of carbon dioxide as a result of which the environmental resources can be preserved for future generations. These construction techniques focus on the development of sustainable buildings that are proven to be eco-friendly, increase water and energy efficiency, reduce the waste and unwanted emissions that pollute the environment, and improve environmental quality.


Advantages of Industry 4.0

Future Trends in Industry 5.0



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