Convert the rays into Energy

Posted by: Prof. C. Sathishkumar

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Convert the rays into Energy

“Our primary energy demand is expected to double by 2045 and we are making preparations for that,” PM Modi said in his speech at India Energy Week in Goa. He highlighted the government’s commitment to providing affordable energy to citizens while striving to enhance the environmental sustainability of the energy mix.


Why solar?

Solar power plants harness the sun’s rays, converting them into electricity for both domestic and industrial purposes through various methods like solar thermal or photovoltaic systems. Accessible even in remote locations, solar energy offers an abundant and clean alternative to traditional energy sources, crucial for advancing ecological transition. These plants employ diverse technologies tailored to their specific types, facilitating efficient conversion of solar radiation into usable power.


Madhya Pradesh to build world’s largest floating solar project

Phase one of the ambitious project to construct an 88 MW floating solar power plant on Omkareshwar Dam reservoir in Khandwa district, undertaken by NHDC, is swiftly nearing its conclusion. Recently, NHDC managing director Vijay Kumar Sinha inspected the solar power plant situated on the tranquil waters of Omkareshwar Reservoir in Indhavadi village. During this inspection, stringent instructions were issued to expedite the remaining tasks to ensure the project’s completion by March 31, 2024.


It’s worth noting that the solar plant being erected in Khandwa district stands as a monumental feat, marking its place as the largest floating solar plant globally. This pioneering endeavor incorporates cutting-edge technology akin to that of a hydel power plant, leveraging the reservoir’s water to generate electricity. Furthermore, the installation of solar panels directly on the water surface further amplifies the plant’s capacity to harness solar energy and contribute to the region’s power supply.


The convergence of renewable energy initiatives with innovative engineering solutions is prominently showcased in the development of this colossal floating solar power plant. Not only does it signify a remarkable advancement in sustainable energy practices, but it also underscores the potential for leveraging natural resources effectively to meet burgeoning energy demands. As the project strides towards its completion, it heralds a significant milestone in the realm of renewable energy infrastructure, promising a brighter, cleaner future for the region and beyond.


Situated in the scenic expanse of Khandwa district, the commencement of electricity generation from solar energy is on the horizon, set against the backdrop of the serene backwaters of the Omkareshwar Dam, nestled along the Narmada River. This transformative solar project holds the promise of delivering accessible and affordable electricity to the region, marking a significant step towards sustainable energy solutions. The ingenious design of the solar plant involves floaters delicately poised on the water’s surface, intricately linked to solar panels, ensuring resilience against fluctuating water levels by securely anchoring the floaters together.


Once this visionary project reaches its fruition, it is poised to evolve into a notable tourist attraction, drawing visitors to marvel at the innovative blend of renewable energy and natural beauty. Upon completion, Khandwa will stand as a unique district within Madhya Pradesh, boasting a diverse energy portfolio encompassing thermal, hydro, and floating solar power plants, positioning itself at the forefront of India’s renewable energy landscape. NHDC, at the helm of this groundbreaking endeavor, has solidified its position as a trailblazer in both hydropower projects and renewable energy initiatives.


Energy Saving

Amidst the ongoing energy crisis, the conventional reliance on fossil fuels—coal, oil, and natural gas—falls short of meeting the current energy demands. Recognizing energy as the lifeblood of economic growth, it becomes imperative to prioritize energy conservation. Despite our country’s per capita energy consumption standing at 325.1 million tons oil equivalent, notably lower than industrialized nations, the energy intensity remains disproportionately high.


Addressing this imbalance between demand and supply, as well as reducing energy intensity across sectors, can be achieved through a straightforward approach centered on energy conservation and efficiency. Embracing energy-efficient technologies and adopting prudent housekeeping habits offer promising avenues to narrow the gap.


In India, various energy-intensive sectors hold substantial potential for energy savings, averaging between 20% to 25%. These sectors include industry (with potential savings of up to 25%), agriculture (with potential savings of up to 30%), and transportation, along with domestic, commercial, and municipal sectors (with potential savings of less than 20%). By tapping into these opportunities and implementing effective conservation measures, we can significantly enhance energy sustainability while fostering economic resilience and environmental stewardship



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